Perhaps the most famous of all marble tombs is the Taj Mahal. This shrine to an emperor’s wife was constructed in the early 17th century and is entirely clad in an ivory-white shade of marble. The construction itself took more than 20 years, during which an estimated 20,000 stone carvers, masons, and artists converted tons of Indian Marble and other stones into one of the world’s most famous buildings.
One of the most famous marble monuments in the United States, the Washington Monument, stands at over 555 feet tall. The marble obelisk took forty years to build, due to a 23 pause in construction from 1854 to 1877. Because of the interruption and slightly different building materials and processes, the amount and type of marble in the Monument is not consistent. The lower 150 feet are a visibly different shade of white marbles. The Monument is actually a 500 foot column, topped by a pyramid of thin marble 55 feet tall, the tip of which is actually aluminum.
Washington, D.C. is host to perhaps more marble structures than any other city in the United States. Two such places are the Lincoln memorial and the Jefferson Memorial. The Lincoln Memorial used Alabama marble for its ceiling, Pink Tennessee marble floors and a brilliantly white marble from Georgia for the actual statue of Abraham Lincoln himself.
The Jefferson memorial is composed of white Vermont marble stairs and columns but the statue of Thomas Jefferson is not made of marble but instead is a 10,000 pound bronze likeness of the third president of the United States.
In the United States, marble can be visible encasing many federal buildings, particularly in Washington, D.C. One famous example is that of the Supreme Courthouse, which was built in 1935 and boasts a stark white façade.
Another, much older, structure made largely of marble is the famous Colosseum in Rome, Italy, where Roman emperors held games and gladiators fought to the death. The ruins of the Colosseum still stand today after two thousand years- a testament to the long-lasting nature of marble and the quality construction of the time.
An even older building made largely of marble is the Parthenon, in Athens, Greece. Constructed nearly 2,500 years ago, it still stands as a symbol of the height of the Greek civilization.